Nave da recupero Recovery vessel
|Italiana - Italian
|So.Ri.Ma (Società Ricuperi Marittimi)
|Mackie & Thomson - Glasgow
|Tipo di scafo
|scafo singolo - single hull
|Materiale dello scafo
|acciaio - steel/ordinary
|I B R D -
|I.M.O. International Maritime Organization
Maritime Mobile Service Identify
|Port of Registry
|Numero di Registro
|Lunghezza tra le Pp
|L. between Pp
|Altezza di costruzione
|1 - motore a vapore - steam engine
|1 - passo fisso / fixed pitch
This unit bought on 1929, was the flagship of the salvaging company So.Ri.Ma. (Società Ricuperi Marittimi) which had a small fleet of 4 units ARTIGLIO, ROSTRO , RAFFIO and ARPIONE afterward they became 6 with the acquisition of RAMPINO and RASTRELLO. They were all ex-military vessels or old ships used for the recovery of sunk ships and wrecks. The crew was made of experts including divers from Viareggio as Aristide Franceschini , Alberto Bargas , Guido Martinelli , Mario Raffaelli , Raffaele Mancini, Donato Fortunato, Donato Sodini , Giovanni Lenci and Carlo Dominici. This fleet did consists of old ships nevertheless was provided with equipments very updated for the era and highly innovative. The owner (mr. Giovanni Quaglia ) bought the first modern diving bell working at atmospheric pressure. The founder Alberto Gianni , man of creativity and technical skills, with the experiences of his colleagues , did realize modifications and improved the german equipments (of which had the exclusive representative) , making them more safe. Furthermore he invented various buckets and equipments for the recovery of loads and, as is well known, he invented the decompression chamber and butoscopic chamber used on high depth recoveries at those times too dangerous to be reached by divers with the classic equipments too heavy and bulky.
Most famous recoveries included the British steamer WASHINGTON, belonging to a convoy sailing from the USA to Italy.This convoy was attacked between Camogli and Portofino by a German submarine and sunk with a torpedo, fortunately all crew members did survive. The recovery of the load located at a depth of 80/90 meters lasted three years .
On 17 dec. 1930 ARTIGLIO was employed on the recovery operations of the ship FLORENCE near the island of Belle Ile , in the northwestern France, containing a big deal of explosives retained deactivated by 13 years of saltwater contact. During demolition operations obtained with powerful explosives the Florence suddenly exploded mightily causing an enormous water column that did lift the ARTIGLIO and dragged she to the sea-bottom. In this tragic accident most of the crew died , including divers Alberto Gianni. Aristide Franceschi and Alberto Bargellini all from Viareggio.